Learning art can be a great skill and a fun hobby. In this diverse world, there are hundreds of forms of art. We are talking specifically about the drawing and painting type of art.
There is a concept of drawing called perspective drawing. It is a concept of drawing where three dimensional objects are drawn on a two dimensional plane.
Those of you who are familiar with this type of drawing know that there are mainly three kinds of perspective drawing.
You have 1 point perspective drawing, you have got 2 point perspective drawing, and then there’s 3 point perspective drawing.
All three of these are interesting ways to portray an object from a certain point of view in order to add depth to your drawing.
Learning to draw in 3 point perspective drawing can be a bit tricky as this is one of the most complex forms of perspective drawing.
But if this technique interests you and you want to know more about it, continue reading this article.
What Is 3 Point Perspective Drawing
3 point perspective drawing is a form of perspective drawing that uses three sets of orthogonal lines along with three vanishing point in order to draw an object.
It is an interesting technique to add a three dimensional vibe to an otherwise two dimensional picture.
When to Use 3 Point Perspective Drawing Technique
Three point perspective drawing is used in constructing different types of artworks. It has more uses and applications that you would think.
From architects to graphic designers, everyone involved with structural drawing use 3 point perspective drawing for a lot of their work.
Let’s look at the most common uses of 3 point perspective drawing.
- Cityscapes or architectural exterior scenes
- Concept art
- Detailed interior renders
- Complex objects
How to Draw in 3 Point Perspective
In order to help you get started with three point perspective drawing, we have prepared a step by step guide explaining the method of drawing in this form.
Step 1: Choosing Vanishing Points
Choosing your vanishing points is very important. The first and second vanishing points can be placed horizontally at any distance. It is important to note that the further the vanishing points are from each other, the less the distortion you will get and vice versa. After defining the horizon, plot the third vanishing point as well, either above the horizon or below it.
Step 2: Define Your Perspective
After you have covered step one, you need to define your perspective. Choosing the third vanishing point is important, as this will determine the overall perspective of the picture.
Either place it above the horizon or below it, in order to draw it or view it in an Ant’s perspective or a Bird’s Eye View respectively. Choose whether you want an Ant’s View or a Bird’s Eye View and then move on to structuring your object.
Step 3: Draw the Object Following the Lines and Vanishing Points
It is very important that you define the lines that you will later follow to add details and make the object look more realistic. Define your subject, the base and the background, so you can follow those markings in the next step.
Follow the orthogonal lines and vanishing points to draw your subject’s outline. Then define the background and the base of the picture on which the subject is placed.
Step 4: Add Details
Once you are done defining all the points and lines that you need to follow to actually draw your subject, it is time for the real thing. In this step, while maintaining the structure that you curated, you will start adding details to your subject.
If your subject is a building, then start drawing in windows and doors, defining each floor of the building, drawing in a few human figures for adding character, etc. Doing this will make your 3 point perspective drawing look more lively and interesting.
Step 5: Additional Shading
And finally you add shading. This can be done using any medium you want. You can sketch or fill in colors depending on your choice and add some shading to necessary areas to give the subject a 3D effect. Add some finishing touches here and there, make certain details more prominent and voila! You have yourself a 3 point perspective drawing.
Points to Consider
Now that you know how to draw a 3 point perspective drawing, you must know some basic rules and guidelines that you want to follow for achieving certain types of results for your drawings.
Let’s look at some points that you should know while getting started with 3 point perspective drawing.
- Every vertical construction line leads to the third vanishing point
- The closer your vanishing points are to the center of your canvas, the more distortion you will get
- Every horizontal construction line leads to a single vanishing point, depending on the plane they are positioned on
- The further away your vanishing points are, the closer your image will appear. The image is similar to ones that are captured through a tele-photo lens, these pictures have very little distortion
- If your third vanishing point is above the horizon line, you can are able to draw your object from an “Ant’s Perspective”
- If your third vanishing point is below the horizon line, you are able to draw your object from the “Bird’s Eye View”
That’s more or less all there is to know about 3 point perspective drawing. Although we have explained all the steps for drawing in this form, getting good at it depends completely on you.
We believe, with enough practice, you should be able to learn 3 point perspective drawing and get good at it in no time!
We hope we were able to help you learn this form of art and that you had a fun time reading this article. Have a nice day!